79 :
79 :
79 - , - . - 8 , . ` `, 25 , , 15 .

, 23 24 - ` . `, , , (. 6, .17. , , ` `, 01.01.2004, , - , 1,7 . , , , , , , .

: - , 18 26 ( , - , , )`.



:


Distributin:
Gnrl
R//79/RUS
6 Nvmbr 2003
riginl: nglish

UN RIGS I Svnty-ninth sssin

dvn Unditd Vrsin

NSIDRIN F RRS SUID Y SS RIS UNDR RIL 40 F VNN

nluding bsrvtins f th umn Rights mmitt

RUSSIN FDRIN



R//79/RUS

g 2Russin Fdrtin

1. h mmitt nsidrd th fifth ridi rrt f th Russin Fdrtin (R//RUS/2002/5) t its 2144th, 2145th nd 2146th mtings, hld n 24 nd 25 tbr 2003 (s R//SR.2144, 2145 nd 2146) nd dtd th fllwing nluding bsrvtins t its 2159th nd 2160th mtings (R//SR.2159 nd 2160), hld n 4 Nvmbr 2003.. Intrdutin

2. h mmitt wlms th fifth ridi rrt f th Russin Fdrtin, rrd in nfrmity with th rrting guidlins. h mmitt rgrts, hwvr, tht th rrt did nt inlud full infrmtin n fllw-u givn t its rvius nluding bsrvtins. h mmitt ls rgrts th dly f lmst fur yrs in th submissin f th rrt nd th subsqunt lst-minut stnmnt f th nsidrtin f th rrt, whih hd initilly bn shduld fr th svnty-ighth sssin in July 2003.

3. h mmitt rsss its ritin fr th disussin in sm dth with high-lvl dlgtin, mrising snir ffiils frm vrius ministris nd gvrnmnt institutins nd rlvnt rs f rtis. Fr th mst rt th rlis givn wr frnk nd nstrutiv.. sitiv ftrs

4. h mmitt nts with ritin numrus lgisltiv dvlmnts nd ffrts t strngthn th judiiry sin th submissin f furth ridi rrt, whih hv furthr imrvd th rttin f vnnt rights.

5. h mmitt nts th infrmtin givn by th dlgtin but disin f th lnum f th Surm urt f 10 tbr 2003 instruting gnrl urts in thir bligtin t b guidd by rlvnt intrntinl trtis, inluding humn rights trtis.

6. h mmitt wlms th Fdrl nstitutinl Lw N. 1 f 26 Jnury 1997, whih rts th institutin nd sts ut th funtins nd rsnsibilitis f th Fdrl



R//79/RUS

g 3

mmissinr fr umn Rights, in lin with th mmitt`s rvius rmmndtins. It ls nts th ltin f th first Fdrl mmissinr in y 1998.

7. h mmitt wlms th ntbl hivmnts in ddrssing th rblm f vrrwding in risns thrugh inrsing rsrt t ltrntiv frms f unishmnt, mnstis nd rdud us f r-tril dtntin.. rinil subjts f nrn nd rmmndtins

8. h mmitt is nrnd tht th Stt rty hs nt imlmntd th mmitt`s viws undr th tinl rtl in th ss f Gridin v. Russin Fdrtin nd Lntsv v. Russin Fdrtin. Whil nting th dlgtin`s lntin tht th disin nt t fllw th viws f th mmitt rgrding th rls f r Gridin ws bsd n rful study by th Surm urt nd rurtr`s ffi, th mmitt rsss its nrn tht filur t giv fft t its viws wuld ll int qustin th Stt rty`s mmitmnt t th tinl rtl.

h mmitt urgs th Stt rty t rviw its sitin in rltin t viws dtd by th mmitt undr th tinl rtl nd t imlmnt th Viws, in rdr t mly with rtil 2 (3) f th vnnt whih gurnts right t n fftiv rmdy whn thr hs bn viltin f th vnnt.

9. h mmitt ritrts its nrn rgrding rsistnt inqulity in th njymnt f vnnt rights by wmn. In rtiulr, th mmitt nts with nrn th high lvl f vrty mng wmn, th rvln f dmsti viln ginst wmn, nd mrkd diffrn in th wgs f mn nd wmn fr qul wrk.

h Stt rty shuld nsur tht fftiv msurs r tkn t imrv th situtin f wmn s t thir full njymnt f vnnt rights (rtil 3).

10. h mmitt is nrnd but th lrg numbr f rsns in th Stt rty wh r bing trffikd fr sul nd lbur littin, minly t dstintins utsid th brdrs f th Stt rty. In this ntt, th mmitt nts tht th Stt rty hs givn inrsing



R//79/RUS

g 4

ttntin t th rblm in rnt yrs. In rtiulr, th mmitt nts tht nti-trffiking lgisltin hs bn drftd nd tht th Stt rty is wrking twrds th rtifitin f rlvnt Unitd Ntins trtis in this fild.

h Stt rty shuld rinfr msurs t rvnt nd mbt trffiking in wmn thrugh, intr li, nting lgisltin nlizing suh rtis nd rviding rttin nd surt, inluding rhbilittin rgrmms, fr th vitims (rtil 8).

11. h mmitt nts tht th dth nlty ws blishd d ft by rsidntil dr f 16 y 1996, ntitld `hsing ut f th dth nlty in nntin with Russi`s ntry int th unil f ur`. h mmitt ls nts tht th Stt rty nvisgs lgisltin t blish th dth nlty. It is nrnd, hwvr, tht th urrnt mrtrium will utmtilly nd n th jury systm hs bn intrdud in ll nstitunt ntitis f th Stt rty, shduld t b mltd in 2007.

h Stt rty shuld blish th dth nlty d jur bfr th irtin f th mrtrium (rtil 6) nd d t th Snd tinl rtl.

12. Whil th mmitt nts tht numbr f msurs hv bn tkn t rvnt th us f ssiv fr nd trtur by lw nfrmnt rsnnl during th rss f qustining, it rmins nrnd tht susts nd dtins r nt suffiintly rttd undr urrnt lgisltin. h mmitt is nrnd t th rrtd urrn f trtur r ill-trtmnt, silly during infrml intrrgtins in li sttins whn th rsn f lwyr is nt rquird.

h Stt rty shuld nsur tht lw nfrmnt ffiils r rsutd fr ts ntrry t rtil 7 f th vnnt, nd tht th hrgs rrsnd t th sriusnss f th ts mmittd. h Stt rty shuld nsur th imlmnttin f isting libl lgisltin, s wll s th vnnt, thrugh furthr rfssinl trining f lw nfrmnt rsnnl n th rights f susts nd dtins.





R7/79/RUS

g 5

13. h mmitt rmins dly nrnd but ntinuing substntitd rrts f humn rights viltins in th hhn Rubli, inluding trjudiil killings, disrns nd trtur, inluding r. h mmitt nts tht sm 54 li nd militry rsnnl hv bn rsutd fr rims mmittd ginst ivilins in hhny, but rmins nrnd tht th hrgs nd sntns hndd dwn d nt r t rrsnd with th grvity f th ts s humn rights viltins. h mmitt is ls nrnd tht invstigtins int numbr f lrg-sl buss nd killings f ivilins in 1999 nd 2000, in th ltins f lkhn Yurt, Nvy ldy nd Strrmyslvskii distrit f Grzny, hv still nt bn brught t nlusin. h mmitt knwldgs tht bus f nd viltins ginst ivilins ls invlv nn-Stt trs, but ritrts tht this ds nt rliv th Stt rty f its bligtins undr th vnnt. In this rgrd, th mmitt is nrnd but th rvisin in th Fdrl Lw `n mbting rrrism` whih mts lw nfrmnt nd militry rsnnl frm libility fr hrm usd during untr-trrrist rtins.

h Stt rty shuld nsur tht rtins in hhny r rrid ut in mlin with its intrntinl humn rights bligtins. h Stt rty shuld nsur tht bus nd viltins r nt mmittd with imunity d jur r d ft, inluding viltins mmittd by militry nd lw nfrmnt rsnnl during untr-trrrist rtins. ll ss f trjudiil utins, nfrd disrns nd trtur, inluding r, shuld b invstigtd, thir rtrtrs rsutd nd vitims r thir fmilis mnstd (rtils 2, 6, 7 nd 9).

14. Whil knwldging th srius ntur f th hstg-tking situtin, th mmitt nnt but b nrnd t th utm f th rsu rtin in th Dubrvk thtr in sw n 26 tbr 2002. h mmitt nts tht vrius ttmts t invstigt th situtin r still undr wy but rsss its nrn tht thr hs bn n indndnt nd imrtil ssssmnt f th irumstns, rgrding mdil r f th hstgs ftr thir librtin nd th killing f th hstg-tkrs.

h Stt rty shuld nsur tht th irumstns f th rsu rtin in th Dubrvk thtr r subjt t n indndnt, in dth invstigtin, th rsults f

R//79/RUS

g 6

whih r md ubli, nd, if rrit, rsutins r inititd nd mnstin id t th vitims nd thir fmilis.

15. h mmitt wlms th mrkd imrvmnt rgistrd sin th nsidrtin f th rvius rrt with rgrd t vrrwding in risns nd th shduld furthr rdutin f th numbr f risnrs by mr thn 150,000. lbit, it ws nt lr whthr ll srius vrrwding in ll ls f dtntin hd bn rslvd. h mmitt rmins nrnd but rrts f r hygin nd viln by risn ffirs in sm ls f dtntin.

h Stt rty shuld ntinu nd rinfr ffrts t rfrm th risn systm t mt th rquirmnts f rtil 10 f th vnnt. h Stt rty shuld nsur tht th rblm f vrrwding is mltly limintd nd tht risnrs` mlints nrning viltins f thir rights r rmtly nd thrughly invstigtd. rvr, th mmitt nurgs th dtin f th drft fdrl lw `n ubli ntrl vr nsuring humn rights in ls f frd dtntin nd ssistn f ubli ssitins in thir tivitis`, dtd in first rding by th Stt Dum in Stmbr 2003, whih wuld llw fr indndnt vrsight f risn nditins.

16. h mmitt nts th sttmnt by th dlgtin tht ll rsns wh hv rturnd t hhny hv dn s vluntrily. wvr, it ls bsrvs tht thr r rrts f undu rssur n disld rsns living in ms in Ingushti t mk thm rturn t hhny.

h Stt rty shuld nsur tht intrnlly disld rsns in Ingushti r nt rd int rturning t hhny, inluding by nsuring th rvisin f ltrntiv shltr in s f lsur f ms (rtil 12).

17. Whil th mmitt wlms th intrdutin f th ssibility fr nsintius bjtrs t substitut ivilin srvi fr militry srvi, it rmins nrnd tht th ltrntiv ivilin Srvi t, whih will tk fft n 1 Jnury 2004, rs t b unitiv in ntur by rsribing ivil srvi f lngth 1.7 tims tht f nrml militry srvi.



R//79/RUS

g 7

Furthrmr, th lw ds nt r t gurnt tht th tsks t b rfrmd by nsintius bjtrs r mtibl with thir nvitins.

h Stt rty shuld rdu th lngth f ivilin srvi t tht f militry srvi nd nsur tht its trms r mtibl with rtils 18 nd 26 f th vnnt.

18. h mmitt nts with nrn th lsur in rnt yrs f numbr f indndnt mdi mnis nd n inrs in Stt ntrl f mjr mdi utlts (V hnnls, rdi sttins nd nwsrs), ithr dirtly r indirtly thrugh stt-wnd rrtins, suh s th stt-run mny Gzrm, whih tk vr th indndnt ntinwid tlvisin ntwrk NV in 2001.

h Stt rty is invitd t rtt mdi lurlism nd vid stt mnliztin f mss mdi, whih wuld undrmin th rinil f frdm f rssin nshrind in rtil 19 f th vnnt.

19. h mmitt is nrnd tht th rsd mndmnts t th lw `n ss di` nd th lw `n mbting rrrism`, dtd by th Stt Dum in 2001 in th ftrmth f Stmbr 11, r inmtibl with rtil 19 f th vnnt. It nts with stisftin tht th rsidnt f th Russin Fdrtin vtd th mndmnts in Nvmbr 2002.

h Stt rty shuld nsur tht bv-mntind mndmnts, whih wr ut in byn in Nvmbr 2002, but r du t b dbtd gin by rlimntry mmissin, r brught int nfrmity with th Stt rty`s bligtins undr th vnnt.

20. Whil wlming th Stt rty`s ffrts t bn nd rsut grus rgting rist nd nhbi viws, th mmitt rsss its nrn tht th dfinitin f `trmist tivity` in th fdrl lw f July 2002 `n mbting trmist tivitis` is t vgu t rtt individuls nd ssitins ginst rbitrrinss in its litin.



R//79/RUS g8

h Stt rty is nurgd t rvis th bv lw with viw t mking th dfinitin f `trmist tivity` mr ris, t lud ny ssibility f rbitrry litin nd giv nti t rsns nrnd rgrding tins fr whih thy will b hld riminlly libl (rtils 15 nd 19-22).

21. h mmitt is nrnd tht jurnlists, rsrhrs nd nvirnmntl tivists hv bn trid nd nvitd n trsn hrgs, ssntilly fr hving, dissmintd infrmtin f lgitimt ubli intrst, nd tht in sm ss whr th hrgs wr nt rvn, th urts hv rfrrd th mttr bk t rsutrs instd f dismissing th hrgs.

h Stt rty shuld nsur tht n n is subjtd t riminl hrgs r nvitin fr rrying ut lgitimt jurnlisti r invstigtiv sintifi wrk, within th trms vrd by rtil 19 f th vnnt.

22. h mmitt rsss its nrn t th high inidn f hrssmnt, vilnt ttks nd murdrs f jurnlists in th Stt rty.

h Stt rty shuld nsur tht ll ss f thrts ginst nd vilnt ssult nd murdr f jurnlists r rmtly nd thrughly invstigtd nd tht ths fund rsnsibl r brught t justi (rtils 19 nd 6).

23. Whil knwldging th diffiult irumstns undr whih rsidntil ltins wr hld in th hhn Rubli n 5 tbr 2003, th mmitt rsss nrn t rrts tht ths ltins did nt mt ll th rquirmnts f rtil 25 f th vnnt.

h Stt rty shuld nsur full mlin with rtil 25 in its ffrts t rstr th rul f lw nd litil lgitimy in th Rubli f hhny.

24. h mmitt is nrnd t th inrs f rilly mtivtd vilnt ttks ginst thni nd rligius minritis, s wll s but rrts f ril rfiling by lw nfrmnt rsnnl. It nts with nrn rrts f nhbi sttmnts md by ubli ffiils.



R7/79/RUS

g 9

h Stt rty shuld tk fftiv msurs t mbt rilly mtivtd rims. It shuld nsur tht lw nfrmnt rsnnl riv lr instrutins nd rr trining with viw t rtting minritis ginst hrssmnt. h Stt rty is ls nurgd t intrdu sifi lgisltin t riminliz rist ts s wll s rilly mtivtd sttmnts md by ths in ubli ffi (rtils 2, 20 nd 26).

25. h mmitt is nrnd but th lng dly in th rssing f sylum lims, in rtiulr in sw nd th sw rgin, whr sylum skrs my hv t wit fr mr thn tw yrs bfr bing bl frmlly t initit th litin rdur. It is ls nrnd tht th igrtin Srvi in sw rrtdly hs nt llwd unmnid hildrn t ldg sylum lims unlss thy hv lgl gurdin.

h Stt rty shuld nsur timly ss f sylum-skrs t th rfug sttus dtrmintin rdur, in rtiulr in sw nd its rgin, s wll s rr dumnttin f sylum-skrs thrughut th rdur, inluding th l stg. h Stt rty shuld nsur tht th rlvnt uthritis int lgl gurdin fr unmnid hildrn sking sylum (rtils 13 nd 24).

26. h Stt rty shuld dissmint widly th tt f its fifth ridi rrt nd th rsnt nluding bsrvtins, m rdn with rtil 70, rgrh 5, f th mmitt`s ruls f rdur, th Stt rty shuld rvid within n yr rlvnt infrmtin n th imlmnttin f th mmitt`s rmmndtins in rgrhs 11 nd 13 bv. h sith ridi rrt shuld b submittd by 1 Nvmbr 2007.http://nvolgatrade.ru/

. 196014
.: 19.11.03
: 1


Copyright © 2004-2019, `- ` ``